What's the Bible all about!


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What’s the Bible all about! Amy Warfield Grace Chapel June 2016

Outline for the next 4 weeks • • • •

Overview and back ground What’s in the Old Testament What’s in the New Testament Putting it together for our lives

What’s the Bible all about? • The word biblio – Greek - relating to a book or books. • The Bible is a book of books • 40 authors written over 1600 years • Written in three different languages, Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek.

What’s the Bible all about? • Still the best selling book world wide • 3.9 Billion copies have been sold – doesn’t include given away • Most translated book which is about 2300 languages – 94% of the written known languages.

What’s the Bible all about? • 66 books total • Two Sections Old Testament and New Testament • Old Testament has 39 books • New Testament has 27 books

What’s the Bible all about? Class Participation • Who are some of the people and situations in the Bible that you know of? • On the post-it notes write out three that you are aware of.

What’s the Bible all about? Old Testament Law • Genesis • Exodus • Numbers • Deuteronomy History • Joshua • Judges • Ruth • 1 Samuel • 2 Samuel • 1 Kings • 2 Kings • 1 Chronicles • 2 Chronicles • Ezra

• •

Nehemiah Esther

Poetry • Job • Psalms • Proverbs • Ecclesiastes • Song of Solomon Major Prophets • Isaiah • Jeremiah • Lamentations • Ezekiel • Daniel

Minor Prophets • Hosea • Joel • Amos • Obadiah • Jonah • Micah • Nahum • Habakkuk • Zephaniah • Haggai • Zechariah • Malachi

What’s the Bible all about? New Testament Gospels • Matthew • Mark • Luke • John

History • Acts Letters by Paul to Churches • Romans • 1 Corinthians • 2 Corinthians

• • • • • •

Galatians Ephesians Philippians Colossians 1 Thessalonians 2 Thessalonians

Letters by Paul to Individuals • 1 Timothy • 2 Timothy • Titus • Philemon

General Letters • Hebrews • James • 1 Peter • 2 Peter • 1 John • 2 John • 3 John • Jude

Prophecy • Revelation

What’s the Bible all about? • What ties it together? • 2 Timothy 3:16-17 16 All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, 17 so that the servant of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.

What’s the Bible all about? • Canon • a general law, rule, principle, or criterion by which something is judged. • a collection or list of sacred books accepted as genuine. • The Bible is called the “inspired word of God” but what does that mean

What’s the Bible all about? • • • • •

Some Bibles have more that 66 Books? The Apocrypha – means “Hidden Books” Written between 200 BC and AD 100 Mainly Historical or Fictional stories OT books never accepted by Jews scholars as inspired • NT books not in any Bibles

What’s the Bible all about? • Some writers stated: – “this is the word of the LORD” – Jeremiah 2:1 – Joel 1:1

• Two tests were used for deciding whether it was inspired – Was what was predicted for the future accurate – Was it teach people to turn to God

What’s the Bible all about? • For the Old Testament or Hebrew Bible • Written mainly in Hebrew from 1450 BC to 400 BC • Copied by scribes over and over – No printing press – No xerox

• One group of Jews were known as the Masoretes

What’s the Bible all about? • Masoretes followed these precise rules when copying– About ink used – Length of line, number of letters, number of lines per scroll – Nothing from memory – Studied the original, spoken out loud then copied – Checked word and letter counts – Entire scroll checked by supervisor

What’s the Bible all about?

What’s the Bible all about? • But is it all true? • The Dead Sea Scrolls

What’s the Bible all about? • The New Testament – written mainly in Greek • Thousands of surviving manuscripts • Quoted by others their writings starting in 100 AD

What’s the Bible all about? • • • •

First English Bibles John Wycliffe in 1380s Used Latin edition of the Bible – the Vulgate First to use chapters

What the Bible is all about? • William Tyndale in 1525 • Went back to the Greek and Hebrew, original languages • Translation was finished by assistant Miles Coverdale

What’s the Bible all about? • • • • • • •

Early & Ancient Copies (Masoretic Text) Vulgate – Latin Wycliffe - 1380 Tyndale – 1525 (Coverdale – 1537) Matthew’s - 1537 Geneva - 1560 King James - 1611

What’s the Bible all about? • King James I – “That a translation be mde of the whole Bible, as consonant as can be to the original Hebrew and Greek, and this to be set out and printed without any marginal notes, and only to be used in all Churches of England in time of divine service.”

– Stood for 300 years

What’s the Bible all about? • • • •

Changes came about in 1885 Additional ancient manuscripts came to light English words changed meanings Revised Version and American Standard Version. • Since 1948 more then 80 new versions have been produced

What’s the Bible all about? • Differences in versions are due to translation approaches – Formal equivalence (word for word) – Dynamic equivalence (thought for thought) – Paraphrase

• Cross references • Footnotes

What’s the Bible all about? • Psalm 23 – English Standard Version (ESV)

• 1 The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. 2 He makes me lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside still waters. 3 He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

What’s the Bible all about? • Psalm 23

• Psalm 23

– New International Version (NIV)



1 The

LORD is my shepherd, I lack nothing. 2 He makes me lie down in green pastures, he leads me beside quiet waters, 3 he refreshes my soul. He guides me along the right paths for his name’s sake.

– The Message (MSG)



GOD, my shepherd! I don’t need a thing. You have bedded me down in lush meadows, you find me quiet pools to drink from. True to your word, you let me catch my breath and send me in the right direction.

What’s the Bible all about? • Next week – • Understanding the Old Testament